Studies and research

One of ETCO's main strategic operating tools is constant reflection on the most diverse themes. For this reason, the Institute promotes and encourages studies and research celebrated in partnerships with renowned institutions, such as the McKinsey consultancy, the Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV), the Economic Research Institute Foundation (Fipe) and Ibmec (Brazilian Institute of Capital Markets) ).

Underground Economy Index (IES)

Pandemic affects informal activity in Brazil and brings down indicator

ETCO-IBRE/FGV survey reveals the size of the shadow economy

Underground economy in Brazil, moved something close to R $ 1,2 trillion reais, higher than the GDP of countries like Switzerland and Sweden

Recent Studies

The Business Software Alliance ( is the leading organization dedicated to promoting a safe and legal digital world. BSA is the voice of the world's commercial software industry and its hardware partners to governments and the international market. Its members represent one of the fastest growing industries in the world. BSA's programs foster innovation in technology through education and policy initiatives that promote copyright protection, cyber security, international and electronic commerce. BSA members include Adobe, Apple, Autodesk, Avid, Bentley Systems, Borland, CA, Cadence Design Systems, Cisco Systems, CNC Software / Mastercam, Dell, EMC, Entrust, HP, IBM, Intel, McAfee, Microsoft, Monotype Imaging , PTC, SAP, SolidWorks, Sybase, Symantec, Synopsys, The MathWorks and UGS.

The opinions expressed in these publications are the sole and entire responsibility of the author (s), and do not necessarily express the views of the Brazilian Institute of Ethics in Competition - ETCO.

Reproduction of these texts and the data contained therein is permitted, provided the source is cited. Reproductions for commercial purposes are prohibited.