More people buy pirated products in the country

Source: O Globo - Rio de Janeiro / RJ - 01/12/2010

Piracy consumption has increased in Brazil, according to a survey by the Trade Federation of the State of Rio (Fecomércio-RJ) released yesterday. The organization pointed out that 48% of people over 16 years old bought at least one counterfeit item in 2010, against 42% in the first year of the survey, in 2006. This means that 70,2 million consumers bought pirates this year, 13,8, 56,4 million more than the XNUMX million four years ago.

The survey of 70 people conducted in 79 cities in the country indicates that CDs are still the most consumed pirate product: 77% of people who bought pirates purchased CDs this year. Then there are DVDs, with 2006%, showing the greatest growth in relation to 35, when it was acquired by 7% of people. Next, glasses (with 7%) appear; footwear, bags or sneakers (6%); clothes (5%); watches (4%) and cigarettes and pens (XNUMX%).

The survey indicates that 52% of men bought pirated products in 2010, against 45% of women. Consumption is more frequent among young people aged 16 to 24: 65% of them buy pirates, against only 19% of people over 60. 47% of class A / B people bought pirates this year, against 53% of class C and 39% of classes D / E.

- Piracy is a true spreading epidemic. With the increase in the consumption power of class C, the tendency is that the problem worsens, if there is not a great work of awareness - said the president of Fecomércio-RJ, Orlando Diniz. In his opinion, with the social and economic improvement, more people started to buy products, both legal and counterfeit.

According to João Gomes, an economist at Fecomércio-RJ, the perception of the negative aspects behind piracy is decreasing in the country. In 2010, only 56% of the population indicated that it causes unemployment, against 64% in 2006. The link between piracy and organized crime was pointed out by 70% of people four years ago and dropped to 60%.

The executive secretary of the Ministry of Justice, Raphael Tomaz Favetto said that society needs to be aware that piracy is not a socially acceptable activity:

- The view that the seller of pirated products is a “poor guy”, who has a pregnant woman and needs this to live is a lie. Piracy is linked to organized crime. Some with transnational ramifications and with slave labor.

Diniz announced a new campaign against piracy in Rio with the motto "Whoever buys piracy pays with his life". It will start airing this week at metro stations.


Class C drives consumption of pirated products

Source: Financial Executives - São Paulo / SP - 30/11/2010

Rio - The president of Fecomércio-RJ, Orlando Diniz, believes that the C class, “which reaches the consumer market with full force”, is driving the increase in the consumption of pirated products in Brazil, but the habit spreads throughout all social classes and age groups. The institution today released research on piracy, showing that 70,2 million people consume pirated products in Brazil, or 13,8 million more than the total that purchased these products in 2006.

The executive secretary of the Ministry of Justice, Rafael Favetti, agrees that "the migration of classes has increased consumption in general in the country, of licit and illicit products". He said that there is a "romantic view" in Brazil that those who produce and distribute pirated products are "poor people without a job". According to him, the reality is different. "Whoever does and distributes piracy, according to all the data we have on seizures, shows that whoever makes and distributes these products is linked to organized crime," he said. He believes that the fight involves inspection and repression, but also consumer awareness.

The share of class AB consumers who consume pirated products has dropped in the last five years, but remains high, according to a survey by Fecomércio-RJ. While in 2006 the survey revealed that 53% of consumers in this class consumed pirates, in 2010 the percentage was 47%.

Fecomércio's economist, João Gomes, said that as the demand of the upper class for these products remains high, pirate producers and distributors are more sophisticated products to meet this share. According to him, for all income classes, price is seen as the predominant factor for pirate consumption.

In the other income classes, there was an increase in the percentage of consumers who buy pirates between 2006 and 2010, going from 49% to 53% in class C and from 32% to 39% in class E. Fecomércio's assessment is that the increase in the income for these classes increased consumption in general, including pirates.

Pirate products consumed include CD to cigarettes. The percentage of respondents in the Fecomércio-RJ survey that buys pirated CDs reached 79%, followed by DVDs (77%); glasses (7%); footwear, bags or sneakers (7%); watches (5%); clothes (6%); toys (3%) and cigarettes (4%).

The survey was conducted in 1.000 households in 70 cities, nine of which were metropolitan regions. Today Fecomércio-RJ, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, is launching the campaign “Whoever buys pirated products pays with their lives”. According to Diniz, the objective is to inform consumers about the risks of piracy to their families.



Operation Padlock catches fuel smuggling in the border region

Source: Midia Max News - Campo Grande / MS - GENERAL - 08/11/2010

The military involved in Operation Padlock, commanded by the Western Military Command, seized on the first day of Operation Padlock a smuggled batch of fuel and even wild animals.

In the Amambaí region, a city 346 km from Campo Grande, close to the border with Paraguay, men from the 17th Motorized Cavalry Brigade seized a large number of baby parrots.

The correct number was not released, but according to the Army, baby birds were apprehended and sent to the Military Environmental Police and the perpetrators were caught in the act for environmental crime.

In Ponta Porã, the military seized three amateur radio stations used for clandestine communication. According to Colonel Cardozo, from 14 BCM, radios interfere with the communication of official bodies and can even hinder the communication of aircraft and police communication radios.

Also in Ponta Porã, 535 liters of gasoline without original invoice were seized. The fuel was being smuggled from Paraguay to Brazil and the driver of the vehicle was arrested and sent to the Federal Police of Ponta Porã.

In Dourados, twenty bales with material from contraband were seized. According to military information, the boxes contained Christmas decoration material and electronics.

The Padlock operation started last Friday (5th) and will continue until the next 14th in several points of the border region.

About two thousand men are working on closing the dry and port borders and vehicles, vessels and even aircraft are being searched.


Software piracy fell 8% in five years in the country

Source: Paraná Online - Curitiba / PR - 08/10/2010

The data is from the Brazilian Association of Software Companies (Abes), whose representatives participated yesterday in Curitiba, in an event to combat piracy held at the headquarters of the Public Ministry of Paraná (MP-PR), at the initiative of the National Council of Justice (CNJ).

Thanks to educational and repressive actions, software piracy in Brazil has dropped 8% in the last five years. However, the data is still alarming. Last year alone, the country accumulated losses in the order of US $ 2,9 billion due to the violation of intellectual property rights in the area of ​​information technology.

In Paraná, the loss was about R $ 244 million. The state has the fifth largest loss in the country, second only to São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul.

“Just to give you an idea, if software piracy fell another 10% in Brazil, the benefits would be the generation of 3,7 thousand direct and indirect jobs, the information technology industry would generate an additional R $ 422 million and the country would raise another R $ 96 million in taxes, ”says the coordinator of the Abes intellectual priority defense group, Antônio Eduardo Mendes da Silva.

According to him, most people, when purchasing pirated products, believe they are taking advantage. However, they do not imagine the evils that the attitude causes to the national economy and to themselves.

“When someone uses pirated software, they run the risk of exposing themselves to viruses and having their computer invaded by malicious programs that can allow other people to access your personal data. When buying a computer, it is important to know if the software is including and appearing on the invoice, which reduces the risk of taking a pirated product home ”.


Also at the event held at the MP-PR, public agents received training to identify pirated products and guidance on how they should act during the execution of major combat actions.

“It is not always easy to identify pirated products. Often, they are done so well that agents feel insecure at the time of identification. Counterfeiting affects a number of products, including medicines, putting the population's health at risk, ”says Ana Lúcia Moraes, executive secretary of the National Council to Combat Piracy.


Piracy in Brazil already moves US $ 520 billion annually

Source: Jornal União - Londrina / PR - 08/10/2010

Piracy generates approximately US $ 520 billion annually in Brazil, against US $ 360 billion, which is handled, on average, by drug trafficking. Piracy also finances a series of other serious crimes, such as money laundering, arms trafficking and drug trafficking itself, in addition to preventing foreign investments, affecting the labor market, causing significant losses to national industry and compromising tax collection. tax. In view of this situation, the National Council to Combat Piracy and Crimes against Intellectual Property (CNCP), an organ linked to the Ministry of Justice that brings together representatives of the Public Power and civil society, launched yesterday (7), in the auditorium of the Ministry's headquarters Público do Paraná, in Curitiba, the strategic project “Cidade Livre da Pirataria”. The initiative includes a pioneer in Curitiba and should soon be implemented in Brasília and also in São Paulo, joining efforts by the Union, the State and the Municipality itself, with incentives for the creation of local mechanisms for the prevention and repression of illicit activity.

A training seminar, throughout Thursday, was the first practical movement of the project, aimed at members of the civil and military police, health and urban professionals from the State and the Municipality, members and public prosecutors. , among other segments. The executive secretary of the National Council for Combating Piracy (CNCP), Ana Lúcia de Moraes Gomes, opened the seminar to present an overview of the fight against piracy in Brazil. According to her, criminal practices in this area have become extraordinarily sophisticated, and if before they were limited to products such as CDs and DVDs, for example, today virtually everything that can generate profits is subject to piracy: medicines, condoms, surgical materials and prostheses, pieces of automobiles and aircraft, cleaning and hygiene products, clothing, food. Faced with this complex situation, aggravated by the country's continental dimension, which has a dry border with ten other countries, it defends coordinated actions around three aspects: the repressive, directed against the supply of products; educational, aimed at developing campaigns that show the harm of illicit practice to the population; and economical, in the sense of making original products cheaper and more accessible to the consumer. “It is essential to awaken the population to conscious and responsible consumption; awaken reflection on the advantages of opting for an authentic product, manufactured and marketed legally ”, he highlighted.

Antônio Borges, from the Antipiracy Association of Cinema and Music (APCM) participated in the seminar talking about the piracy of musical and audiovisual works, a sector in which crime moves approximately R $ 40 billion a year. According to him, in the area of ​​films, in Brazil, piracy dominates 59% of the market, that is, of every 100 DVDs sold, about 60 are counterfeit, generating losses of the order of US $ 198 million. The picture is even more serious when it comes to music, since piracy accounts for no less than 65% of the market. "The situation is even more compromised if we consider the big and very current problem of cyber piracy," he added.

Representative of the intelligence sector of the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), Lorilei de Fátima Wzorek made a detailed presentation on the problem of counterfeit drug brands, presenting ANVISA's experience in combating counterfeiting of products subject to health surveillance - medicines, prostheses, food, cosmetics, among others. According to her, there has been a very considerable migration of drug trafficking to the area of ​​counterfeit drugs, and figures raised by Interpol in 2009 leave no doubt as to the reason for the criminals' choices: one kilo of heroin is equivalent in the market , to $ 3, while a kilo of counterfeit Viagra is equivalent to $ 75. The drugs aimed at treating erectile dysfunction, by the way, are among the most counterfeited today, alongside anabolic steroids and weight-loss drugs. According to Lorilei, they are sold in the formal market, in pharmacies and drugstores, and also in the informal market, by street vendors, in gyms, open markets and on the internet. In order to have a dimension of the problem, in terms of scale, the ANVISA expert recalls that in 2007 there were 620 seizures of counterfeit and smuggled drugs. In 2010, from January to September, the seizures were 53.575, a number slightly higher than that corresponding to the entire year of 2009 (when there were 53.535 seizures).

Agreement between the MP and the Pharmacy Council

During the seminar, an agreement was signed between the Public Ministry of Paraná, represented by the Attorney General of Justice, Olympio de Sá Sotto Maior Neto, and by the Regional Pharmacy Council, chaired by Marisol Dominguez Muro. The commitment aims to provide the Public Prosecutor's Office with technical and scientific advice on activities that require the assumption of technical responsibility, to instruct legal proceedings or administrative procedures involving the Public Prosecutor. On the other hand, the agreement must provide the Pharmacy Council with support from the members of the MP-PR, notably in the inspection actions aimed at investigating, in particular, the violation of rights related to the consumer or health - as in the case of the sale of counterfeit drugs and smuggled, for example.

(Luiz Alberto Pena / Asimp / MP-PR)


“Look at the rapa”: an alert for street vendors

By Nelson Vasconcelos, Diário de S. Paulo - 07/01/2005

For those who don't know, rapa is the City Hall car that drives inspectors and police through the streets 'to seize goods from unlicensed street vendors', as the Houaiss Electronic dictionary says. At least on the streets of Rio and São Paulo, it is not uncommon to hear the warning of street vendors threatened by the proximity of the Law, shouting loudly: "Look at the rapa!" – and whoever is sensible should run away, to avoid being detained for a few minutes and losing their products.

Read also: Money that stopped being collected with piracy would give to build 200 schools

And this is still a holdover from the 'romantic times of camelting'. Today it's not that much anymore, mainly because the coexistence between the men of the Law and the street vendors is much more tolerant and comradely, so to speak.

Well… this brief digression comes about the farewell to this column, which over the past eight months has presented different aspects of the large piracy market in the country and in the world. Once the alert has been made about the problems that piracy brings to the economy of countries — especially those on the periphery, like us — it's time to move forward. It's time to shave off…

Before that, the column thanks the collaboration of several sources — each defending its side, of course — and the multiple criticisms it received during that time. If all of them were not answered, it was due to lack of time.

Of the hundreds of emails that made it to the column — including messages sent via the internet — most claimed that companies have their share of blame for piracy, basically for stimulating rampant consumption and for not offering affordable prices at all levels of the population. It is a very frequent criticism in relation to goods such as clothing, CDs and DVDs, for example. Anyone who doesn't have R$25 for an original CD pays ten reais for three pirates on the corner. As music is increasingly a perishable, short-lived product, the pirated CD lasts at least until the favorite artist goes out of style. And who doesn't have Nike hunts with Naike…

Companies from various sectors, in turn, claim high spending on research and product development, hence their prices. And they say that the issue of piracy would be more related to a certain 'lack of honesty' of the consumer in general.

Companies also complain about something important: high taxation by the Government, which directly influences the final price of products to the consumer. But the Government does not seem to realize that high taxation does not necessarily mean higher revenue. Experiences in São Paulo, reported here, have already shown that consumers are able to choose the legal product, if the price to be paid is consistent.

The companies also demand from the Government more vigorous actions by the inspection and repression agencies against contraband, tax evasion and theft of goods. There are those who argue to what extent this is legitimate, as it means government spending to protect purely private interests, with no public benefit. It is a discussion that goes far.

The column spoke to sectors of the Government that, for their part, recognize their limitations and plan to put in practice, in the coming months, actions that can reduce the problem of piracy in the country. It will not be an easy task, considering that there is a lack of investments in technology and personnel, in addition to greater exchange between public agencies and, one of the great knots in the country, a more agile Justice.

Brazil loses R $ 287,9 billion to the illegal market

Another issue involving the Government is its (in)ability to negotiate with friendly countries — mainly those of Mercosur — and articulate with them a joint and permanent action against piracy.

It should not be forgotten that the United States, sheriffs in world trade, is putting strong pressure on countries that give piracy a chance. This could mean billion-dollar losses for the country's economy.

The Brazilian Legislative has repeatedly shown itself concerned with the matter and has done its part — it is a more than commendable effort, rare in the case of the Legislative. The formation of an exclusive inter-ministerial committee to combat piracy is in itself a positive point. When you start working, it will certainly be better.

Anyway, the message is given: piracy is the economy of illusion. As I said here, when a consumer chooses to buy a counterfeit or smuggled product, it looks like he is getting a good product, it looks like he is creating jobs, it looks like he is contributing to the country's economy. But it is all illusion. In the long run, the result is negative for several sectors. Better not pay to see.

Nor can the column cite an interesting discovery: that of reader Edson Barreto, an observer of the day-to-day on the streets, who wrote dozens of good stories about street vendors and street commerce. It is piracy, I would say, collaborating positively for the revival of the boring carioca chronicle.

And the most important: that 2005 is a very, very good year for everyone.