Ethical city

By: Gustavo Ungaro *

In this immense and filthy mud of the national ethical crisis, how is it that youth is seeing the ethics of today? What are the conducts considered contrary to the interest of the community, how are the behaviors perceived and how are the expectations of those who are entering maturity? And what is meant by ethics ”in times of liquid and post-truth modernity?

Interesting Datafolha survey carried out by the ETCO Institute has just collected the responses of more than a thousand Brazilians between the ages of 14 and 24: for them, ethics means respect for others (22%), being polite (12%), acting with moral conduct ( 5%), good character (4%) and honesty (4%). The result recalls the sense of the old legal brocardos present in Law courses, recited in Latin: alterum non laedere (not harming the other), honest live (live honestly) suunn cuique tribuere (give each one their due).

90% of young people find Brazilian society to be unethical or unethical: 74% consider their friends to be unethical or unethical; 57% consider their own family to be unethical or unethical, and the same percentage, 57%, considers themselves to be unethical or unethical.

Regarding the professions most associated with ethics, firefighters and teachers emerge, with politicians figuring the most distant from valued conduct.

And what can we do to make Brazilian society more ethical? The most repeated responses were talking about ethics with friends and family, understanding what is public and of everyone's interest, thinking more about others and not just about their own interests.

To stimulate reflection on the consequences of human behavior and the importance of guiding principles and values, the website has just been launched, with support from the General Ombudsman and the Secretary of Education,, with suggestions for practical activities to be carried out in classrooms, in order to stimulate reflection, debate and action, with a view to contributing so that each one can be the change that awaits the other, transforming reality and driving, each within its scope of action.

Another possible world, in a future that wants to be close.


(*) Gustavo Ungaro is the Ombudsman of the State of São Paulo

Smuggled cigarettes sales in Piauí increased 16% between 2012 and 2015

Photo: Disclosure

In Piauí, the volume of smuggled cigarettes grew 16% between 2012 and 2015, according to market data. This is what it points out, a survey by the Datafolha Institute commissioned by the Brazilian Institute for Competitive Ethics (ETCO), in partnership with the National Forum Against Piracy and Illegality (FNCP).

The study reveals that while the sale of the national product fell in a considerable proportion, of the 10 most sold brands in Piauí, at least two are from the illegal market. In addition, the average price of the smuggled pack is R $ 3,20, which represents 64% of the legal minimum price for cigarettes in the legal market.

The Datafolha survey also shows that there is a relationship between the trade in illegal products and the increase in violence. According to a survey, 79% of the population in the Northeast region believes that the sale of irregular products favors the growth of crime. The data show that cigarettes from Paraguay are the largest financier of criminal faction activities.

Source: Portal O Dia (Teresina - PI), 12/11/2016

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Volume of smuggled cigarettes in MA grew 17%


SÃO LUÍS - Survey by the Brazilian Institute of Ethics in Competition (ETCO) - a civil society organization of public interest - pointed out that the volume of smuggled cigarettes in the state of Maranhão grew 17%. The data refers to the percentage of illegal cargoes that barely had access to the domestic market between the years 2002 and 2015.
Also according to the survey, while the number of contraband cigarettes grew, the sale of the product in the main centers of the country fell. According to the ETCO survey, of the 10 cigarette brands with the greatest market appeal in Maranhão, three are from the illegal market.
According to the institute, the main factor that contributed to the high percentage of illegal products of the genre in the state is the consumer price. According to the entity, the average price of the smuggled pack would be - on average - R $ 3,20, which is 36% of the legal minimum price for cigarettes in the legal market. Another fact that draws attention in the survey is that, throughout the Northeast Region, 26% of the people interviewed admitted that they are in the habit of buying contraband products for their own use, such as electronics, clothes and films, in addition to cigarettes. The survey also concluded that the majority of people (79%) believe that the entry of illegal products in the country favors the growth of urban violence.

Source: The State of Maranhão Online (São Luís - MA), 13/11/2016

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26% of cigarettes consumed in Acre are smuggled

the-tribune-onlineThe cigarette market in Acre is dominated by 26% of imported cigarettes, illegally. In 2012, this percentage was 9%. Because of the lower price compared to national products, due to the non-collection of taxes, illegal tobacco brands gain market with each passing year, according to Datafolha research.

Street vendor Rosa Maria says that the cigarettes most sold by her are those imported illegally from Bolivia. According to Rosa, customers complain a lot about prices, because the difference between imported and domestic products can exceed R $ 6,00.

o Rua de Benjamin Constant, close to the Urban Terminal, it is common to find illegal cigarette sellers in the morning. Cigarettes are smuggled from Bolivia and sold in Brazil illegally.

Every year, Brazil loses about R $ 115 billion with the trade in illegal goods, an amount sufficient to build 974 hospitals or 57 thousand daycare centers, or 22 thousand public schools.

“The survey shows that the main stimulus to smuggling is the difference between the price, the result of the financial advantage that criminals have due to the tax disparity between Brazil and Paraguay. In other words, greater inspection at the borders and revision of taxes on national products are necessary so that we have full legality in the internal market and more security ”, ponders Edson Vismona, president of the Brazilian Institute of Ethics in Competition.

In a note, the IRS says that smuggling feeds a chain of organized crime, causes tax evasion, harms national industry and job creation. And it still feeds the informal market, with low quality products that do not respect copyright. This creates unfair competition with local retailers and industries. In many situations, these products can even harm consumers' health.

Source: A Tribuna Online (Rio Branco - AC), 13/11/2016

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